# JNTUA B.TECH R 20 2-3 Syllabus For Surveying PDF 2022

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You will be able to find information about Surveying along with its Course Objectives and Course outcomes and also a list of textbook and reference books in this blog.You will get to learn a lot of new stuff and resolve a lot of questions you may have regarding Surveying after reading this blog. Surveying has 5 units altogether and you will be able to find notes for every unit on the CynoHub app. Surveying can be learnt easily as long as you have a well planned study schedule and practice all the previous question papers, which are also available on the CynoHub app.

All of the Topic and subtopics related to Surveying are mentioned below in detail. If you are having a hard time understanding Surveying or any other Engineering Subject of any semester or year then please watch the video lectures on the official CynoHub app as it has detailed explanations of each and every topic making your engineering experience easy and fun.

### Surveying Unit One

#### Introduction and Basic Concepts of surveying

Introduction, Objectives, classification and principles of surveying, Scales, Shrinkage of Map, Conventional symbols and Code of Signals, Surveying accessories, phases of surveying. Measurement of Distances and Directions Linear distances Approximatemethods, Direct Methods-Chains-Tapes, ranging, Tape corrections, indirect methods-optical methods-E.D.M. method. Prismatic Compass-Bearings, included angles, Local Attraction, Magnetic Declination, and dip. Plane table surveying: Introduction, accessories,setting up of plane table, techniques, testing, adjustments, errors, advantages and disadvantages

### Surveying Unit Two

#### Levelling, Contouring and Computation of Areas & Volumes

Levelling -Basics definitions, types of levels and levelling staves, temporary adjustments, methods of levelling, booking and Determination of levels-HI Method-Rise and Fall method, Effect of Curvature of Earth and Refraction. Contouring-Characteristicsand uses of Contours, Direct & Indirect methods of contour surveying, interpolation and sketching of Contours. Computation of Areas and Volumes: Areas -Determination of areas consisting of irregular boundary and regular boundary, Planimeter. Volumes -Computation of areas for level section and two level sections with and without transverse slopes, determination of volume of earth work in cutting and embankments, volume of borrow pits, capacity of reservoirs.

### Surveying Unit Three

#### Theodolite Surveying

Types of Theodolites, Fundamental Lines, temporary adjustments, measurement of horizontal angle by repetition method and reiteration method, measurement of vertical Angle, Trigonometrical levelling when base is accessible and inaccessible. Traversing: Methods of traversing, traverse computations and adjustments, Gale’s traverse table, Omitted measurements.

### Surveying Unit Four

#### Tacheometric Surveying

Principles of Tacheometry, stadiaand tangential methods of Tacheometry. Curves: Types of curves and their necessity, elements of simple circular curve, setting out of simple horizontal circular curves –Basics of Total Station and GPS.

### Surveying Unit Five

#### Construction surveys

Introduction-staking out buildings-pipelines and sewers-highwaysculverts. Bridge surveys-determining the length of a bridge-locating centres of piers-surface surveys and tunnel alignment-underground surveys-connection of surface and underground surveys-levelling in tunnels.

### Surveying Course Objectives

•To make the student to get well conversant with the fundamentals of various basic methods and instruments of surveying. •To introduce to the students in identifying reduced level of the ground and its profile for finding areas and volumes of embankments and cuttings.•To make the student to use angular measuring instruments for horizontal and vertical control.•To enable the student to set simple horizontal curves. •To introduce the knowledge construction surveys and usage of modern instrument such as total station.

### Surveying Course Outcomes

At the end of the course, the student will be able to:
•Calculate angles, distances and levels
•Identify data collection methods and prepare field notes •Understand the working principles of survey instruments
•Estimate the volumes of earth work •Able to use modern survey instruments.

### Surveying Text Books

1.C.Venkatramaiah, “Text book of surveying”, 2nd edition, Universities press, 2018.
2.Arora K R “Surveying” Vol 1, 2 & 3, Standard Book House, Delhi, 2004.

### Surveying Reference Books

1.S K Duggal, “Surveying” (Vol –1 & 2), Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi, 2004.
2.R. Subramanian, “Surveying and leveling” Oxford university press, New Delhi.
3.B. C. Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain and Arun Kumar Jain,“Surveying” (Vol –1, 2 & 3), -Laxmi Publications (P) ltd., New Delhi.
4.R. AgorKhanna Publishers 2015 “Surveying and leveling”.
5.Arthur R Benton and Philip J Taety, “Elements of Plane Surveying”, McGraw Hill –2000.

### Scoring Marks in Surveying

Scoring a really good grade in Surveying is a difficult task indeed and CynoHub is here to help!. Please watch the video below and find out how to get 1st rank in your B.tech examinations . This video will also inform students on how to score high grades in Surveying. There are a lot of reasons for getting a bad score in your Surveying exam and this video will help you rectify your mistakes and help you improve your grades.

Information about JNTUA B.Tech R 20 Surveying was provided in detail in this article. To know more about the syllabus of other Engineering Subjects of JNTUH check out the official CynoHub application. Click below to download the CynoHub application.

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