sc JNTUA B.TECH R 20 2-3 Syllabus For Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines PDF 2022 – Cynohub

# JNTUA B.TECH R 20 2-3 Syllabus For Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines PDF 2022

### Get Complete Lecture Notes for Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines on Cynohub APP

You will be able to find information about Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines along with its Course Objectives and Course outcomes and also a list of textbook and reference books in this blog.You will get to learn a lot of new stuff and resolve a lot of questions you may have regarding Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines after reading this blog. Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines has 5 units altogether and you will be able to find notes for every unit on the CynoHub app. Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines can be learnt easily as long as you have a well planned study schedule and practice all the previous question papers, which are also available on the CynoHub app.

All of the Topic and subtopics related to Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines are mentioned below in detail. If you are having a hard time understanding Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines or any other Engineering Subject of any semester or year then please watch the video lectures on the official CynoHub app as it has detailed explanations of each and every topic making your engineering experience easy and fun.

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Unit One

#### Introduction to Fluid Statics

Distinction between a fluid and a solid -characteristics of fluids -Fluid Pressure: Pressure at a point, Pascal’s law, pressure variation with temperature, density and altitude. Piezometer, U-Tube Manometer, Single Column Manometer, U Tube Differential Manometer. pressure gauges, Hydrostatic pressure and force: horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces. Buoyancy and stability of floating bodies.

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Unit Two

#### Fluid kinematics and Dynamics

Classification of fluid flow -Streamline, path line, streak line and stream tube; stream function, velocity potential function. One, two and three -dimensional continuity equations in Cartesian coordinates.Fluid Dynamics: Surface and body forces; Equations of motion -Euler’s equation; Bernoulli’s equation –derivation; Energy Principle; Practical applications of Bernoulli’s equation :Venturimeter, orifice meter and Pitot tube; Momentum principle; Forces exerted by fluid flow on pipe bend; Vortex Flow –Free and Forced; Definitions of Reynolds Number, Froude Number, Mach Number, Weber Number and Euler Number;

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Unit Three

#### Analysis Of Pipe Flow

Energy losses in pipelines; Darcy –Weisbach equation; Minor losses in pipelines; Hydraulic Grade Line and Total Energy Line; Concept of equivalent length –Pipes in Parallel and Series. Laminar Flow-Laminar flow through: circular pipes, annulus and parallel plates. Stoke’s law, Measurement of viscosity. Reynolds experiment, Transition from laminar to turbulent flow. Resistance to flow of fluid in smooth and rough pipes-Moody’s diagram –Introduction to boundary layer theory.

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Unit Four

#### Flow in Open Channels

Open Channel Flow-Comparison between open channel flow and pipe flow, geometrical parameters of a channel, classification of open channels, classification of open channel flow, Velocity Distribution of channel section. Uniform Flow-Continuity Equation, Energy Equation and Momentum Equation, Characteristics of uniform flow, Chezy’s formula, Manning’s formula. Computation of Uniform flow.Specific energy, critical flow, discharge curve, Specific force, Specific depth, and Critical depth. Measurement of Discharge and Velocity –Broad Crested Weir. Gradually Varied FlowDynamic Equation of Gradually Varied Flow. Hydraulic Jump and classification -Elements and characteristics-Energy dissipation.

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Unit Five

#### Hydraulic Machines

mpact of Jets-Hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary and moving flat, inclined and curved vanes -velocity triangles at inlet and outlet -Work done and efficiency -Hydraulic Turbines: Classification of turbines; pelton wheel and its design. Francis turbine and its design -efficiency -Draft tube: theory -characteristic curves of hydraulic turbines -Cavitation -Working principles of a centrifugal pump, work done by impeller; heads, losses and efficiencies; minimum starting speed; Priming; specific speed; limitation of suction lift, net positive suction head (NPSH); Performance and characteristic curves; Cavitation effects; Multistage centrifugal pumps; troubles and remedies –Introduction to Reciprocating Pump.

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Course Objectives

•To impart ability to solve engineering problems in fluid mechanics
•To explain basics of statics, kinematics and dynamics of fluids and various measuring techniques of hydrostatic forces on objects.
•To enable the students measure quantities of fluid flowing in pipes, tanks and channels
•To Introduce concepts of uniform and non-uniform flows through open channel.
•To impart knowledge on design of turbines and pumps.

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Course Outcomes

•Familiarize basic terms used in fluid mechanics •Understand the principles of fluid statics, kinematics and dynamics •Understand flow characteristics and classify the flows and estimate various losses in flow through channels•Analyze characteristics for uniform and non-uniform flows in open channels. •Design different types of turbines, centrifugal and multistagepumps

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Text Books

1.P. M. Modi and S. M. Seth, “Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics”, Standard Book House
2.K. Subrahmanya, “Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics”, Tata McGraw Hill

### Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines Reference Books

1.R. K. Bansal, A text of “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines”, Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi.
2.K. Subramanya, Open channel Flow, Tata McGraw Hill.
3.N. Narayana Pillai, Principles of “Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines”, Universities Press Pvt Ltd, Hyderabad. 3rd Edition 2009.
4.C. S. P. Ojha, R. Berndtsson and P. N. Chadramouli, “Fluid Mechanics and Machinery”, Oxford University Press, 2010.
5.Banga& Sharma, “Hydraulic Machines”, Khanna Publishers.