Fluid Mechanics along with Course Objectives and Course outcome and list of textbook and reference books is mentioned in this blog. The subject of Fluid Mechanics has 5 units in total.

Topic and sub-topics of Fluid Mechanics are mentioned below in detail. If you have any problem in understanding Fluid Mechanics or any other Engineering Subject in any semester or in any year then you can view the video lectures on the official CynoHub app.

Fluid Mechanics Unit 1

Properties of Fluid

Distinction between a fluid and a solid; Density, Specific weight, Specific gravity, Kinematic and dynamic viscosity; variation of viscosity with temperature, Newton law of viscosity; vapour pressure, boiling point, cavitation; surface tension, capillarity, Bulk modulus of elasticity, compressibility.

Fluid Statics

Fluid Pressure: Pressure at a point, Pascals law, pressure variation with temperature, density and altitude. Piezometer, U-Tube Manometer, Single Column Manometer, U-Tube Differential Manometer, Micromanometers. pressure gauges. Hydrostatic pressure and force: horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces. Buoyancy and stability of floating bodies.

Fluid Mechanics Unit 2

Fluid Kinematics

Classification of fluid flow: steady and unsteady flow; uniform and non-uniform flow; laminar and turbulent flow; rotational and irrotational flow; compressible and incompressible flow; ideal and real fluid flow; one, two- and three-dimensional flows; Stream line, path line, streak line and stream tube; stream function, velocity potential function. One, two- and three-dimensional continuity equations in Cartesian coordinates.

Fluid Dynamics

Surface and Body forces -Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equation; Energy correction factor; Momentum equation. Vortex flow – Free and Forced. Bernolli’s equation to real fluid flows.

Fluid Mechanics Unit 3

Flow Measurement in Pipes

Practical applications of Bernoulli’s equation: venturimeter, orifice meter and pitot tube; Momentum principle; Forces exerted by fluid flow on pipe bend.

Flow Over Notches & Weirs

Flow through rectangular; triangular and trapezoidal notches and weirs; End contractions; Velocity of approach. Broad crested weir.

Fluid Mechanics Unit 4

Flow through Pipes

Reynolds experiment, Reynolds number, Loss of head through pipes, Darcy-Wiesbatch equation, minor losses, total energy line, hydraulic grade line, Pipes in series, equivalent pipes, pipes in parallel, siphon, branching of pipes, three reservoir problem, power transmission through pipes. Analysis of pipe networks: Hardy Cross method, water hammer in pipes and control measures.

Fluid Mechanics Unit 5

Laminar & Turbulent Flow

Laminar flow through: circular pipes, annulus and parallel plates.

Boundary Layer Concepts

Boundary Layer Analysis-Assumption and concept of boundary layer theory. Boundary-layer thickness, displacement, momentum & energy thickness, laminar and Turbulent boundary layers on a flat plate; Laminar sub-layer, smooth and rough boundaries. Local and average friction coefficients. Separation and Control. Definition of Drag and Lift and types drag, magnus effect.

Fluid Mechanics course objectives:

The objectives of the course are to

Introduce the concepts of fluid mechanics useful in Civil Engineering applications

Provide a first level exposure to the students to fluid statics, kinematics and dynamics.

Learn about the application of mass, energy and momentum conservation laws for fluid flows

Train and analyse engineering problems involving fluids with a mechanistic perspective is essential for the civil engineering students

To obtain the velocity and pressure variations in various types of simple flows

To prepare a student to build a good fundamental background useful in the application-intensive courses covering hydraulics, hydraulic machinery and hydrology

Fluid Mechanics course outcomes:

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

Understand the broad principles of fluid statics, kinematics and dynamics

Understand definitions of the basic terms used in fluid mechanics and characteristics of fluids and its flow

Understand classifications of fluid flow

Be able to apply the continuity, momentum and energy principles

Fluid Mechanics reference books:

Fluid Mechanics by Modi and Seth, Standard Book House.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic machines by Manish Kumar Goyal, PHI learning Private Limited, 2015.

Fluid Mechanics by R.C. Hibbeler, Pearson India Education Services Pvt. Ltd

Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, K. Subramanya, Tata McGraw Hill

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines by SK Som, Gautam Biswas, Suman Chakraborthy, Mc Graw Hill Education (India) Private Limited

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery, C.S.P. Ojha, R. Berndtsson and P. N. Chadramouli, Oxford University Press, 2010

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, R. K. Bansal, Laxmi Publication Pvt Ltd.

Scoring Marks in Fluid Mechanics

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JNTUA B.tech R20 Fluid Mechanics was made clear in this article. To know about the syllabus of other Engineering Subjects of JNTUA check out the official CynoHub application. Click below to download the CynoHub application.